Questões de Inglês da FEI (Vestibular 2018/2) com Gabarito

Questões de Inglês da FEI (Vestibular 2018/2) com Gabarito

Embroidering Electronics into the Next Generation of “Smart” Fabrics
Unlike today’s wearables, new fabrics promise to come with antennas and batteries that are flexible and washable
By Asimina Kiourti, The Conversation US on March 13, 2018

Archaeology reveals that humans started wearing clothes some 170,000 years ago, very close to the second-to-last ice age. Even now, though, most modern humans wear clothes that are only barely different from those earliest garments. But that’s about to change as flexible electronics are increasingly woven into what are being called “smart fabrics”.

Many of these are already available for purchase, such as leggings that provide gentle vibrations for easier yoga, T-shirts that track player performance and sports bras that monitor heart rate. Smart fabrics have potentially promising uses in health care (measuring patients’ heart rate and blood pressure), defense (monitoring soldiers’ health and activity levels), cars (adjusting seat temperatures to make passengers more comfortable) and even smart cities (letting signs communicate with passersby).

Ideally, the electronic components of these garments—sensors, antennas to transmit data and batteries to supply power—will be small, flexible and largely unnoticed by their wearers. That’s true today for sensors, many of which are even machine-washable. But most antennas and batteries are rigid and not waterproof, so they need to be detached from the clothing before washing it.

My work at the ElectroScience Laboratory of the Ohio State University aims to make antennas and power sources that are equally flexible and washable. Specifically, we’re embroidering electronics directly into fabrics using conductive threads, which we call “e-threads.”
Asimina Kiourti
Assistant Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering, The Ohio State University.
https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/embroidering-electronics-into-the-nextgeneration-of-smart-fabrics/

QUESTÃO 51
(FEI 2018) De acordo com o primeiro parágrafo:

(A) a arqueologia mostra que os seres humanos usavam roupas extremamente diferentes há mais de cem mil anos.
(B) as vestimentas usadas pelos humanos há mais de 150 mil anos não mudaram muito em comparação aos dias atuais.
(C) segundo os arqueólogos, não há nenhuma diferença no tipo de vestimenta usada 170 mil anos atrás e hoje.
(D) os arqueólogos encontraram há mais de 150 mil anos vestígios de tecidos parecidos com os utilizados na atualidade.
(E) as vestimentas usadas pelos seres humanos mudaram radicalmente em 170 mil anos.

Resposta.

QUESTÃO 52
(FEI 2018) The word though in the sentence “Even now, though, most modern humans wear clothes that are only barely different from those earliest garments” (linhas 2-4) could be replaced by:

(A) however.
(B) therefore.
(C) besides.
(D) but.
(E) thus.

Resposta.

QUESTÃO 53
(FEI 2018) All alternatives below indicate examples of “smart fabrics” possibilities, according to the text, EXCEPT:

(A) power supplement.
(B) temperature adjustment.
(C) measurement of heart rate.
(D) control of blood pressure.
(E) pain elimination.

Resposta.

QUESTÃO 54
(FEI 2018) The expression such as in the second paragraph introduces:

(A) comparison.
(B) cause.
(C) origin.
(D) example.
(E) probability.

Resposta.

QUESTÃO 55
(FEI 2018) We can conclude that “e-threads” are:

(A) intelligent fabrics that contain inflexible encapsulated chips.
(B) rigid electronic transmitters that can be wearable.
(C) conductive material incorporated in textile threads.
(D) detachable chips that are not washable.
(E) durable devices designed to carry antennas.

Resposta.

Questões de Inglês da FEI (Vestibular 2018/2) com Gabarito Questões de Inglês da FEI (Vestibular 2018/2) com Gabarito Reviewed by Redação on julho 09, 2018 Rating: 5

Nenhum comentário:

Tecnologia do Blogger.