Questões de vestibular Inglês (FASA 2019) com Gabarito

Questões de vestibular Inglês (FASA 2019) com Gabarito


Text 1:

The great six-hour workday experimente (questions 46 e 47)

Experiments with shorter workdays have revealed some surprising results for workers and their companies.
By Ariana Chirasello

Dreaming of a shorter workday? It might be good for you, and, according to a story published in The Guardian detailing an experiment with a six-hour workday, cutting back may be good for your company, too.

Swedish nursing home Svartedalens has been trialling shorter days, without reducing salaries. The premise: people everywhere are working even longer hours, but that’s not necessarily a guarantee of happier customers or satisfied, productive employees.

After six months of the six-hour day (versus the usual eight hours), the nurses at the home felt less stressed and more energised. That in turn increased their quality of care, according to The Guardian. While researchers said it was too early to fully quantify the results, signs show that productivity improved and staff turnover decreased. There was one financial drawback. Fourteen new employees had to be hired to accommodate the extra shifts.

But don’t shorter workdays mean cramming the same amount of work into fewer hours and even more stress? Researchers in South Korea found that reducing work weeks from 44 hours to 40 hours, and promising Saturdays off, only increased workload strain instead of fostering happiness. The key to making a shorter workday successful is to understand that the change in hours might not be best for everyone or every company - such options need to be altered to meet the specific job and workplace needs, according to Cali Williams Yost, a workplace strategist based in New Jersey.

FASA 2019: As a consequence to the experiment, what is true?

a) The doctors were more productive.
b) Salaries were not decreased.
c) The nurses felt more stressed.
d) The nurses felt less energised.
e) The nurses work quality was decreased.


FASA 2019: According to the experiment:

a) the options to change working hours need to be altered to meet the specific job and workplace needs.

b) the change in working hours might not be best for everyone.

c) cutting back may be good for the employees and for their, too.

d) one of the drawbacks is that new employees had to be hired to accommodate the extra shifts.

e) promising Saturdays off will decrease workload strain and foster happiness.


Text 2:

Facebook's Mark Zuckerberg pledges refugee camp internet access (questions 48 e 49)

Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg has announced plans to help bring the internet to UN refugee camps.

Speaking at a UN forum in New York, Mr Zuckerberg said it would help refugees access aid and maintain family links.

He also said Facebook would be part of a new campaign to make the internet available to everyone on the planet within five years.

He said the internet could help the UN meet its development goals and lift people out of poverty.

Signatories to the campaign, called the Connectivity Declaration, include rock star Bono, actress Charlize Theron, entrepreneurs Bill Gates and Richard Branson, and Wikipedia cofounder Jimmy Wales.

He said Facebook would work with the UN High Commissioner for Refugees.

"Connectivity will help refugees better access support from the aid community and maintain links to family and loved ones," he said. "Facebook is in a unique position to help maintain this lifeline."

Some three billion people around the world have internet access, and the connectivity campaign aims to bring the internet to the other four billion.

Mr Zuckerberg says that Facebook has nearly 1.5 billion users who log in once a month, and achieved a billion users in a single day for the first time last month. He has predicted that the site's reach will continue to grow.

FASA 2019: The word ‘he’ on the second paragraph refers to:

a) Facebook users.
b) Mark Zuckenberg.
c) Facebook.
d) Charlize Theron.
e) UN.


FASA 2019: According to Mr Zuckenberg, what is a benefit from the internet access to the refugees?

a) It will help them start links to family and loved ones.

b) It will help them visit their family and loved ones.

c) The number of Facebook users will increase to 1.5 billion.

d) 3 billion people around the world will have internet access.

e) They will have better access to support from the aid community.


Text 3:

What a Wonderful World - Louis Armstrong

I see trees of green, red roses too.
I see them bloom for me and you.
And I think to myself,
What a wonderful world.

I see skies of blue and clouds of white,
The bright blessed day, The dark sacred night.
And I think to myself,
What a wonderful world.

FASA 2019: Which of the following words could replace “roses” on the first line?

a) Pink.
b) Pinks.
c) Flowers.
d) Blue.
e) Red.