(FEI 2019) Segundo o texto, o estado de Nova Iorque

New York State to ban plastic bags — here's why
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This article was created in partnership with the National Geographic Society.

N E W Y O R K S T A T E is on the verge of banning plastic shopping bags, becoming the second U.S. state, after California, to ban them outright. The ban, which is part of the state budget bill expected to pass Monday, would forbid retailers from providing shoppers with single-use bags. It would take effect next March.

Shopping bags are one of the most-banned items among single-use plastics and bag bans. So far, at least 127 nations have imposed bans or taxes on plastic bags, according to a United Nations tally through July 2018. Europe began phasing out plastic bags 15 years ago. This week, the European Parliament took steps to ban 10 items most commonly found on European beaches, including bags, by 2021.

Filmy shopping bags have been targeted because their lightweight nature makes them easily airborne. They can be found hanging from tree branches and clogging city drains. They are eaten by wildlife, including cattle and other large animals. In marine environments, sea turtles often mistake plastic bags for jellyfish, their favorite food. Fish eat them. A number of whales have also died as a result of eating plastic bags. That includes a whale found earlier this month in the Philippines with more than 88 pounds of plastic in its stomach.

Lightweight shopping bags also are difficult to recycle. Many municipal recycling plants won’t take them because they can clog equipment.

According to the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, an estimated 23 billion plastic bags are used by residents across the state annually. New York City alone uses more than 10 billion single-use plastic bags a year, accounting for 1,700 tons of residential garbage every week. The city pays an estimated $12.5 million a year trucking those bags to out-of-state landfills.
https://www.nationalgeographic.com/environment/2019/03/new-york-state-plastic-bagban-explained/

QUESTÃO 52
(FEI 2019) Segundo o texto, o estado de Nova Iorque:

(A) foi o primeiro estado americano a implantar regras mais rígidas para o uso de sacolas plásticas.

(B) apenas permitirá o uso de sacolas de papel para qualquer tipo de atividade comercial.

(C) espelha-se no estado da Califórnia para o descarte das poucas sacolas plásticas ainda em uso.

(D) deverá colocar em vigor a lei que bane sacolas de plástico do setor varejista a partir deste ano.

(E) acompanhará a decisão do Parlamento Europeu, suprimindo as sacolas plásticas em 2021.

QUESTÃO ANTERIOR:
(FEI 2019) The verb forbid in the sentence “The ban, (…), would forbid retailers from providing shoppers with single-use bags” (primeiro parágrafo) could be replaced by

GABARITO:
(D) deverá colocar em vigor a lei que bane sacolas de plástico do setor varejista a partir deste ano.

PRÓXIMA QUESTÃO:
- (FEI 2019) Todos os animais abaixo foram citados como aqueles que se alimentam equivocadamente de sacos plásticos, EXCETO

QUESTÃO DISPONÍVEL EM:
Prova FEI 2019 (2º Semestre) com Gabarito

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