Mental and physical health are interconnected. Social isolation’s adverse health consequences range

UFGD 2022 - QUESTÃO 02
EFFECTS OF SOCIAL ISOLATION AND LONELINESS

Mental and physical health are interconnected. Social isolation’s adverse health consequences range from sleeplessness to reduced immune function. Loneliness is associated with higher anxiety, depression, and suicide rates. Isolation and loneliness are also linked to poor cardiovascular health and cognitive function:

A study led by an epidemiologist at Newcastle University concluded that deficiencies in social relationships are associated with a higher risk for coronary heart disease and stroke.

A study published in The Journals of Gerontology concluded that loneliness was associated with a 40 percent increase in the risk of dementia. 

Links between social isolation and serious medical conditions are not fully understood, but ample evidence supports the connection. A study published in the American Journal of Epidemiology linked social isolation with higher risks of premature mortality. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) points to loneliness and isolation as serious public health risks.

Effects of Physical Distancing

Some effects of social isolation are specific to pandemics or other public health situations that require people to physically distance. 

Loneliness and depression can go hand in hand with anxiety and fear about the dangers associated with the event that made physical distancing measures necessary. (???) Even people who are supportive of safety-related isolation and quarantine can experience frustration and irritability.
Understanding the Effects of Social Isolation on Mental Health. Tulane University - School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine. Published in: December 8, 
2020. Available in: https://publichealth.tulane.edu/blog/effects-of-social-isolation-on-mental-health/. Access in: 30 oct. 2021 (adapted)

One sentence is missing in the text. According to the context, choose the alternative that correctly completes the idea of the text in the gap [showed in bold and highlighted as (???) in the text.

(A) Strategies made by governments for addressing social isolation’s impacts vary depending on the severity of the related symptoms and effects.

(B) Plus, people sometimes experience anger and resentment about health and safety measures they find unnecessary or too restrictive.

(C) Individuals can lessen isolation’s negative effects by taking some specific actions, as engaging in relaxing activities, maintaining healthy habits or following a routine. 

(D) Loneliness is a subjective feeling of isolation, and some groups face challenges that increase their risk for isolation and loneliness, as marginalized groups, older people, impaired people and immigrants.

(E) Public health professionals lead efforts to address widespread health issues such as social isolation.

QUESTÃO ANTERIOR:

GABARITO:
(B) Plus, people sometimes experience anger and resentment about health and safety measures they find unnecessary or too restrictive.

RESOLUÇÃO:
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