SANTA CASA 2024: No contexto apresentado pelo texto, a frase que indica uma situação hipotética é

Leia o texto para responder às questões de 11 a 17.

Some of the world’s leading artificial intelligence (AI) researchers are calling for a pause on research into AI, claiming that safety issues must first be urgently addressed. If not, the outcomes could be devastating for humanity. Others say any pause in development would not only be impractical to enforce on a global scale, but could also stand in the way of advances that could both improve and save lives.

The AI that is currently available already has the power to radically alter society, in new ways that we are seeing every day. So how might it progress over the coming years? Are we on the brink of an artificial intelligence-powered utopia or dystopia?

Firstly, technology has been automating jobs since the Industrial Revolution, though never before has it happened on this scale. Everyone from truck drivers to voice over artists are at risk of being replaced by AI. A recent study found that just over 30 jobs are considered safe from automation in the near future. They range from mechanics to athletes, though they represent just a sliver of the current labour market. While new jobs will be created, there is a significant chance that the majority of the population will be left jobless. This could either lead to:

Utopia: A new leisure class emerges, living off a universal basic income funded by taxes on robots and the companies that operate them.

Dystopia: Mass unemployment results in social unrest, similar to the way laid off factory workers trashed the machines that replaced them. With so many jobs at risk and the potential for huge wealth inequality, some fear it could ultimately result in societal collapse.

Secondly, artificial intelligence is already contributing to major scientific advances, dramatically accelerating the time it takes to make discoveries. It has been used to invent millions of materials that did not previously exist, find potential drug molecules 1,000 times faster than previous methods, and improve our understanding of the universe. 

This could either lead to:
Utopia: Cancer and all other life-threatening diseases are cured, leading to a new age of health and prosperity. Scientists are already using AI tools to make breakthroughs in longevity medicine, which aims to end or even reverse ageing.

Dystopia: The same AI-enabled technology could be used for malevolent purposes, creating entirely new diseases and viruses. These could be used as bioweapons, capable of devastating populations that don’t have access to cures or the tech needed to develop them.
(Anthony Cuthbertson. www.independent.co.uk, 03.05.2023. Adaptado.)

QUESTÃO 12
SANTA CASA 2024: No contexto apresentado pelo texto, a frase que indica uma situação hipotética é:

(A) “Firstly, technology has been automating jobs since the Industrial Revolution” (3º parágrafo).

(B) “researchers are calling for a pause on research into AI” (1º parágrafo).

(C) “any pause in development would not only be impractical to enforce on a global scale, but could also stand in the way of advances” (1º parágrafo).

(D) “The AI that is currently available already has the power to radically alter society” (2º parágrafo).

(E) “safety issues must first be urgently addressed” (1º parágrafo).

RESOLUÇÃO:
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GABARITO:
(C) “any pause in development would not only be impractical to enforce on a global scale, but could also stand in the way of advances” (1º parágrafo).

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