Mackenzie 2020: According to the text, choose the correct alternative

Read the text below and answer questions 1213 and 14:

Is it really possible that plant-based foods such
as the Impossible Whopper are healthful?
By Cara Rosenbloom
September 9, 2019

With many American consumers interested in reducing their consumption of animal products without becoming vegetarian or vegan, the food industry has come up with a new craze: plant-based. Look around your grocery store, and you’ll see a growing number of dairy, egg and meat substitutes bearing this label.

But the industry has taken liberties with the definition of “plant-based.” Rather than focusing on whole foods such as vegetables, fruits, legumes and nuts, which is what health professionals mean when they recommend “plant-based eating,” food manufacturers are developing ultra-processed burgers out of pea or soy protein, methylcellulose and maltodextrin, and liquid “eggs” out of mung bean protein isolate and gellan gum. Then they crown this ultra-processed food with an undeserved health halo.


Plant-based ultra-processed products such as these are formulated to taste like the real deal. Thus, consumers can feel virtuous or principled for choosing plants over meat without sacrificing too much flavor. But is there any value to plant-based products that have been crushed, extruded and shaped into facsimiles of the foods they are replacing? Let’s look at that question through several lenses — considering nutrients, how processed the food is and how producing the food affects the planet.

When I was in nutrition school, the health value of food was mostly calculated based on the presence of desirable nutrients, such as fiber and vitamins, and on the absence of negative nutrients, such as sodium or trans fat. If you compare ultra-processed plant-based foods and similar animal-based foods solely on their nutrients, you’ll find they are roughly the same.

Plant-based foods are purposely formulated to mimic animal-based foods, so plant-based milk is enriched with calcium and vitamin D to mimic cow’s milk, while veggie burgers are rich in protein and made with iron and zinc to imitate beef. But they aren’t always made to reduce the presence of less-healthy nutrients. Sometimes, the processed plant-based food will have more sodium than the processed animal-based food, and sometimes the animal food will be higher in calories or saturated fat.


Using the term “plant-based” on fast food labels is just another attempt by marketers to re-brand junk food. True plant-based eating doesn’t mean opting for an Impossible Whopper in the drive-through or scrambling up some 15-ingredient “egg alternative.” It means a diet that includes nourishing options such as black beans, broccoli and brown rice. We’re always looking for some magical way to eat junky food and achieve health. Don’t be fooled by this plant-based pretense.
Adapted from the digital edition of The Washington Post:

Mackenzie 2020: According to the text, choose the correct alternative:

a) Many American people are becoming vegetarian and vegan.

b) American industry is producing a lot of healthy products made of real vegetables.

c) According to the industry, “Plant-based”means food produced by using whole food, natural food.

d) “Plant-based”, according to the text, is just ultra-processed food made by peas, soy protein, liquid eggs and other chemicals.

e) Because it is ultra-processed, the industry calls it healthy.

Mackenzie 2020: Assinale as correntes estéticas que, por aproximação, possuem mais afinidades com o simbolismo de “Siderações”

"Plant-based", de acordo com o texto, é simplesmente alimento ultraprocessado, feito de ervilhas, proteína de soja, ovos líquidos e outros produtos químicos.

d) “Plant-based”, according to the text, is just ultra-processed food made by peas, soy protein, liquid eggs and other chemicals.

- Mackenzie 2020: Choose the INCORRECT alternative, according to the text

Prova Mackenzie 2020 com Gabarito e Resolução