FAMEMA 2020: According to the text, smartphones may

Leia o texto para responder às questões de 31 a 34.

An increasing body of evidence suggests that the time we spend on our smartphones is interfering with our sleep, self-esteem, relationships, memory, attention spans, creativity, productivity and problem-solving and decision-making skills.

But there is another reason for us to rethink our relationships with our devices. By chronically raising levels of cortisol, the body’s main stress hormone, our phones may be threatening our health and shortening our lives.

If they happened only occasionally, phone-induced cortisol spikes might not matter. But the average American spends four hours a day staring at their smartphone and keeps it within arm’s reach nearly all the time, according to a tracking app called Moment.

“Your cortisol levels are elevated when your phone is in sight or nearby, or when you hear it or even think you hear it,” says David Greenfield, professor of clinical psychiatry at the University of Connecticut School of Medicine and founder of the Center for Internet and Technology Addiction. “It’s a stress response, and it feels unpleasant, and the body’s natural response is to want to check the phone to make the stress go away.”

But while doing so might soothe you for a second, it probably will make things worse in the long run. Any time you check your phone, you’re likely to find something else stressful waiting for you, leading to another spike in cortisol and another craving to check your phone to make your anxiety go away. This cycle, when continuously reinforced, leads to chronically elevated cortisol levels. And chronically elevated cortisol levels have been tied to an increased risk of serious health problems, including depression, obesity, metabolic syndrome, Type 2 diabetes, fertility issues, high blood pressure, heart attack, dementia and stroke.
(Catherine Price. www.nytimes.com, 24.04.2019. Adaptado.)

FAMEMA 2020: According to the text, smartphones may

(A) diminish stress-related hormone cortisol.
(B) release anti-anxiety hormones.
(C) induce creativity and decision-making skills.
(D) be hazardous to our long-term health.
(E) improve human life in the long run.

FAMEMA 2020: Num mundo cada vez mais globalizado, o fato de as ciências naturais falarem uma única língua universal e operarem sob uma única metodologia ajudou paradoxalmente a concentrá-las nos poucos centros com recursos adequados para seu desenvolvimento, isto é, nuns poucos Estados ricos altamente desenvolvidos.

De acordo com o texto, os smartphones podem ser perigosos a nossa saúde a longo prazo.

(D) be hazardous to our long-term health.

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