ITA 2021: De acordo com o terceiro parágrafo, é correto afirmar que

As questões de 34 a 36 referem-se ao texto destacado a seguir.

It is the standing reproach of a democratic society that it is the purgatory of genius and the paradise of mediocrity. With ourselves it has become notorious that when a man is so unfortunate as to exhibit uncommon abilities, he usually renders himself ineligible for political honors or distinctions. It would seem that the community is possessed with that groveling quality of a sordid mind which hates superiority, and would ostracize genius, as the Athenians did Aristides.

One might believe it would not be unpleasing to the popular taste if some enterprising person could invent a machine for stunting intellectual development, after the fashion of idiotic barbarians who flatten the heads of their children. The masses of the community certainly appear to believe that political equality implies not only social, but should also imply intellectual equality, under pain of being severely frowned down by an outraged public opinion.

The prevalent sentiment manifests itself in many different ways. It finds expression in public conveyances and resorts and is not altogether unknown even to the pulpit.

It is found to perfection in the speeches of demagogues, who feel certain they are never so successful as when their audience is satisfied that the intellect of the speaker is of no higher an order than that of the lowest intelligence among them. Worse than all, it is demonstrated in the election of public officers of nearly all grades up to the highest: of which latter it has now become quite the custom to assume that it is impossible for a man of firstrate powers to be made President of the United States.

The causes which lend to so singular a state of affairs are of an intricate and complex character. At the outset, it is difficult to realize the possibility of a system, the logical deduction from which appears to be that, if a man would rise in life, he must assiduously belittle his understanding.

Perhaps it would be fairer to modify the proposition so far as to concede that ability is as useful here as elsewhere, provided the owner has the tact not to affront the sensibilities of the people by showing too much of it.

No doubt a vague apprehension exists in the popular mind that shining talents are dangerous when intrusted with executive power in a republic: yet, it were a poor commentary on our institutions to intimate that, under them, for a man to be clever he must also be vicious.

Experience rather teaches the contrary. If the diffusion of education, having the general tendency to elevate the understanding, is to produce more bad men than good, we had better abandon than foster our Common School system. Manifestly, we must look further for the solution of our enigma [:] that minds of moderate calibre ordinarily condemn everything which is beyond their range.
THE NEW YORK TIMES.
The worship of mediocrity. 17/08/1862.
Disponível em: https//www.nytimes.com/1862/08/17/
archives/theworship-of-mediocrity.html. Acesso 20/08/2020.

QUESTÃO 36
ITA 2021: De acordo com o terceiro parágrafo, é correto afirmar que:

a) não resta dúvida para o cidadão comum de que talentos brilhantes são os mais desejáveis para ocupar o poder executivo.

b) mentalidades medianas desaprovam tudo o que está além do seu alcance.

c) é incorreto afirmar que ter habilidade é útil tanto no âmbito público-político quanto em qualquer outro.

d) a ampliação da inteligência é um valor inquestionável para alguém subir na vida.

e) todas as asserções estão corretas.

QUESTÃO ANTERIOR:

RESOLUÇÃO (Cursos Objetivo):
Mentalidades medianas desaprovam tudo o que está além do seu alcance
No texto: “ that minds of moderate calibre ordinarily condemn everything which is beyond their range.”

GABARITO:
b) mentalidades medianas desaprovam tudo o que está além do seu alcance.

PRÓXIMA QUESTÃO:

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