(UEL 2020) Para o autor de The Telenovela Method, seu livro

Leia o texto a seguir e responda às questões de 28 a 30.

After failing to learn a new language on five separate occasions, I taught myself to speak Spanish like a native in just six months by watching movies and TV shows, listening to music, and reading books and comics like Harry Potter and Garfield.

This simple, easy-to-learn technique, that even the most linguistically-challenged can master literally overnight, is used by many of the most respected and skilled polyglots and language teachers in the world, and it’s never really been laid out, explained, and demonstrated in full, point-by-point, step-by-step detail until now.
the telenovela method

When characters in a movie or TV show are speaking the dialogue, unless it’s set in a previous period like the 1800s or something, they speak normal, everyday language. So if you wanted to learn Spanish, the type of normal everyday Spanish that native speakers use every day, aka “conversational Spanish”. . . Don’t you think that Spanish-language TV shows, movies, music, and books might be a good source to learn from. . . if only you knew how?

Not only that, but it would be fun, wouldn’t it? Far better than learning the language from some boring, dry textbook or workbook that, even worse, is teaching outdated, formal, “non-conversational” Spanish (look at the dialogue in one sometime: do people actually talk like that? No).

The basic technique is obvious: consume popular Spanish-language media and try to learn what they’re saying by looking up what you don’t understand. Sure. But the issue is twofold:

1) The problems you will inevitably run into (how do I apply what I’ve learned? how do I ensure I’m not misunderstanding the meaning and thereby learning something incorrect? where do I look things up? what if it’s not in the dictionary and Google Translate isn’t cutting it? etc.), and...

2) How do we do things as efficiently as possible? If you’re a beginner you’re going to have to sort out how to do this all on your own, how to solve any problems you might run into on your own, while probably doing many things less effectively and slower than is necessary. I’ve already learned all this stuff the hard way, I’ve made many of the mistakes you would if you went this alone, let me just save you a ton of time, trouble, and possibly money by teaching you what I already know from experience.

Has this basic technique been used for centuries by language students and teachers alike? Yes, there are records dating back to the 18th century of language teachers using popular media in the language they’re teaching to help their students learn it. I’m not claiming to have invented it. What I’ve done here is, after having used and refined the technique myself for several years, distilled it down to a system that’s easy to learn, and which is taught in a format that’s organized, easy to understand, and which takes advantage of all the latest technology, such as all the various resources available on the internet now.
Adaptado de:
Andrew Tracey - author of The Telenovela Method
www.amazon.com

QUESTÃO 29
(UEL 2020) Para o autor de The Telenovela Method, seu livro

a) traz sua própria experiência na aprendizagem de línguas.

b) reproduz fielmente conversas que aparecem na televisão.

c) concentra-se em ensinar espanhol a partir de filmes e séries.

d) apresenta personagens que falam espanhol de forma popular.

e) auxilia os aprendizes a resolverem problemas de comunicação.

QUESTÃO ANTERIOR:
(UEL 2020) Andrew Tracey, autor do livro The Telenovela Method, afirma que a técnica para aprender espanhol que ele expõe em seu livro

Conteúdo programático:
Leitura geral e para buscar informações específicas (Skimming e Scanning)

RESOLUÇÃO:
a) Correta. O autor argumenta que, ao ensinar ao leitor o conhecimento que ele já adquiriu com sua experiência nesse processo de aprender línguas, ajudará o leitor a economizar tempo, problemas e possivelmente dinheiro (let me just save you a ton of time, trouble, and possibly money by teaching you what I already know from experience).

b) Incorreta. Essa informação não é mencionada no texto. O autor afirma que sua técnica se constitui em consumir a mídia popular da língua espanhola e tentar aprender o que eles dizem procurando no dicionário o que não é entendido (consume popular Spanish-language media and try to learn what they’re saying by looking up what you don’t understand).

c) Incorreta. O autor não afirma que seu livro ensina a língua espanhola, mas sim que ensina uma técnica para aprender a língua. Além disso, essa técnica não usa só filmes e séries, mas outros recursos também (Don’t you think that Spanish-language TV shows, movies, music, and books might be a good source to learn from).

d) Incorreta. Embora mencione personagens nas linhas indicadas, o texto não afirma que o livro as apresenta, nem que traz reproduções de diálogos. (When characters in a movie or TV show are speaking the dialogue, unless it’s set in a previous period like the 1800s or something, they speak normal, everyday language.)

e) Incorreta. O autor não afirma que seu livro auxiliará os leitores a resolverem os problemas de comunicação que surgirem. Ele afirma que, em seu livro, por meio da exposição do que ele aprendeu a partir da sua própria vivência, ele expõe como lidar com problemas que podem surgir quando se estuda uma língua sozinho.

GABARITO:
a) traz sua própria experiência na aprendizagem de línguas.

PRÓXIMA QUESTÃO:
- (UEL 2020) Sobre os argumentos de Andrew Tracey, autor do livro The Telenovela Method, para exaltar seu trabalho, considere as afirmativas a seguir.

QUESTÃO DISPONÍVEL EM:
Prova UEL 2020 (1ª e 2ª Fases) com Gabarito e Resolução

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